2019 Minimum Texas Mortgage Requirements
With interest rates on the rise, you might want to seriously consider purchasing a house sooner instead of later. The next thing that you might be thinking about is whether you can qualify to get a mortgage or not given where interest rates are currently.
Although lenders have somewhat relaxed their standards since the height of the financial crisis that started ten years ago, there are certain minimum standards that you will need to meet in order to qualify for certain mortgages.
Specific financial documents, a decent debt-to-income ratio, and good credit scores are a few things that you will need for applying and qualifying for a home loan.
The specific requirements will mainly depend on the kind of loan you apply for. Therefore, in this guide, we have broken the lending requirements down for several different kinds of loan.
Requirements of FHA Loans
One of the easiest types of home loans to obtain is a mortgage from the Federal Housing Administration. Because insurance is provided on the mortgage by the FHA, quite often FHA-approved lenders can offer terms and rates that are more favorable.
Also, lenders are more comfortable with borrowers who are potentially more riskier given that 90 of the mortgage is backed up by the FHA. FHA mortgages have lower downpayment requirements which make them good for first-time homebuyers who might not have enough money in saving to make the regular 20% downpayment is when buying a house.
For FHA-approved mortgages, the following are the current minimum requirements:
A minimum 3.5% downpayment and credit score of 500 at least. A 10% downpayment may come from your personal bank account, a local downpayment assistance program, or gift from one of your relatives.
The debt-to-income ratio on FHA mortgages is set by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The front-end ratio currently is 31% with a 43% back-end. The front-end ratio only considers housing-related costs, like the monthly mortgage payment, insurance, and property taxes. The back-end ratio considers all monthly debt, which includes housing costs, credit card payments, car loans, and any other forms of recurring debt.
The house must be your primary residence for the first year at least. That includes whether you are purchasing a single-family house or a four- or two-unit property.
You are required to have proof of employment and steady income for the past two years, along with explanations if you have frequent employment changes.
On an FHA loan, you are required to have mortgage insurance no matter how much your downpayment is. On FHA loans you need to pay two different mortgage insurance premiums – an upfront mortgage insurance premium payment and your monthly mortgage insurance payments that are paid each month for the entire life of your loan. The upfront mortgage insurance premium that must be paid is 1.75% of the balance of your loan. It is due at closing and normally financed as part of your loan. Once you make your 3.5% minimum downpayment, then you will need to pay a yearly 0.85% fee of the total amount of your loan. That amount is divided by 12 and then is part of your monthly payments for the life of your FHA loan.
Requirements On Conventional Loans
A conventional 15-year or 30-year mortgage as requirements that are slightly stricter compared to an FHA loan. However, it does come with some longer-term benefits and flexibility.
There are some lenders that might let you make as low as a 3% downpayment in order to qualify to get a conventional mortgage, but you will be required to have mortgage insurance. Some low downpayment programs might have income limits, so make sure you check the address on the properties along with your loan officer to find out if there are any restrictions or not.
On a conventional mortgage, you are not required to carry private mortgage insurance (PMI) and pay for it every month if you can make at least a 20% downpayment on the property. However, if you pay a lower downpayment, then you will need to pay 0.15 to 1.95% of the balance on your loan in FMI fees every year.
Another benefit that conventional loans offer is that after you have the principle down to 78% of the original property value, the lender is required to stop charging mortgage insurance if you make your payments on time. On an FHA loan, when you make a minimum downpayment, the only thing that you can do to eliminate monthly mortgage insurance is refinancing your loan.
On a conventional mortgage, the minimum score that you need to have is 620. However, there are some lenders that might require a 640 minimum score. Remember that having a better (higher) credit score will allow you to receive a better interest rate along with a lower mortgage insurance monthly payment.
Proof of regular income is required by lenders and they will look more closely at your earnings and employment history from the last two years.
Conventional lenders, as of 2018, allow for up to 50% DTIs in certain cases. For any with a debt ratio more than 45, there is one caveat: For people with higher debt ratios, Numerous mortgage companies now require a 700 minimum credit score.
Requirements For VA Loans
The Veteran Affairs Department offers a mortgage for active-duty military personnel, veterans, reservists, and their families. Part of the loan is guaranteed by the VA, which allows lenders to offer military personnel more favorable terms.
Certificate Of Eligibility
In order to qualify to receive a VA mortgage, you also are going to need to get a VA loan certificate of eligibility. It verifies that the military service requirements are met by the applicant in order to be eligible to get a VA mortgage. Certain identification and documents. Veterans and military personnel may apply, by mail, or via a lender after the form is completed.
There is no downpayment that is required.
There are no PMI fees that come with VA loans. However, a funding fee is charged. It is charged at closing and normally is financed with the loan amount. The funding fee amount will depend on whether or not it is the first time that the veteran is using their eligibility. If an applicant has a disability that relates to her or his military service, then the funding fee might be waived.
There is no minimum credit score requirement on VA loans. However, a majority of lenders funding VA loans do have a minimum 620 credit score requirement. The VA loan program just requires the lender to review the whole loan profile in order to ensure that the veteran applying for the loan has the ability to repay it.
No minimum income threshold must be met, although applicants do need to provide steady income proof.
It is recommended that your debt-to-income ratio be no higher than 41% to qualify for VA loans. A higher debt ratio might be approved since a VA lender will also look a the residual income of the veteran, which is calculated based on the borrower’s after-tax income, less expense along with a monthly maintenance calculation that is based on the number of members in the veteran’s family and size of the home.
Requirements for USDA Guaranteed Loans
A mortgage program is offered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to give low to moderate-income families the opportunity to own their own house in designated rural areas. Applicants may relocate, improve, rehabilitate, or build a dwelling that is located in an eligible rural area. 2010 U.S census data on population is used to determine the rural designated areas.
On USDA-guarantee loans, the program backs 90% of the amount of the loan, and that enables USDA-approved lenders to take borrowers into consideration that might not qualify to get a conventional home loan. A 640 minimum credit score is required on UDA mortgage loans to be automatically approved – as long as the other requirements are met as well. However, homebuyers that have lower credit scores still might be considered for a loan that is underwritten manually.
Special eligibility requirements for your state must be met in order to qualify for a USDA mortgage. The USDA online tool can be used to determine whether or not the property is in a designated rural area. You will have to enter the address, city, and state of the house into the tool. That will confirm whether or not the house you are interested in buying is in one of the USDA designated rural areas or not.
The USDA map can be used to choose your state and then determine whether you meet the income eligibility requirements. The income limits vary based on family size, county, and city.
The homebuyer must meet the following basic requirements as well in order to qualify to get a USDA mortgage:
- Agree to personally occupy the house as their primary residence. The home cannot be rented out or used as a second house.
- Must be either a qualified alien, noncitizen national or U.S. citizen.
- Can incur a loan obligation legally. That just means the homebuyer hasn’t been declared to be incompetent and has the ability to enter into legally binding contracts and understand what the debt obligations are.
- Has not been banned or suspended from participation in federal programs.
- Indicate a willingness to meet their loan obligations on time.
- Buys a property that satisfies all of the criteria of the USDA program, including being located in a rural designated area.
For UDA home loans, the standard DTI ratio is 29%/41% of the gross monthly income of the applicant. On a UDA loan, the maximum allowable DTI is 32%/44% of the person’s gross monthly income, when all of the applications of a loan have credit scores of 680 at least. Under some circumstances, higher ratios are allowed by the USDA on a case-by-case basis. In order to get a waiver for a higher ratio, the borrower must request it from a USDA-approved lender and have it documented by them.
Requirements For HomePossible & HomeReady Loans
The HomeReady mortgage program is offered by Fannie Mae, which is a government-sponsored agency.
The programs are designed to assist prospective homebuyers with low and moderate incomes and limited funds for a downpayment on a house.
A 3% downpayment is required from a gift or the borrower’s own funds.
A minimum 620 credit score is required.
For homeowners lacking a credit score due to not having a credit history, a HomeReady loan can be a good solution. They can offer financial statements as a substitute such as on-time rental payments for 12 months or other types of monthly payments such as utility bill payments that don’t appear on a credit report.
The HomePossible and HomeReady programs may be approved with up to a 50% debt-to-income ratio with strong credit along with other compensating factors like retirement funds or extra savings for reserves.
This program is managed by Freddie Mac.
The HomePossible mortgage is similar to the HomeReady one, but there is one key difference between them. The HomePossible programs allow a borrower to include a non-borrower’s income into the financial calculations – which is income from another individual or individuals who are living in the house to count towards the total monthly income, even when those people are not on the mortgage loan. That can frequently benefit a homeowner who is taking care of a family member who lives in their home who receives Social Security or disability.
A minimum 620 credit score is required.
There is a 3% minimum downpayment required, and additional flexibility in terms of what the source is for the downpayment. The HomePossible guidelines allow the total downpayment now to come from sweat equity, meaning that the borrower can contribute handyman skills rather than money towards their downpayment.
There is a 43% maximum DTI, but there are exceptions up to 50% depending on how strong the borrower’s credit and income are, and whether or not they have any extra money in their bank account (reserves) for making future mortgage payments.
Key Mortgage Documents
Before you apply for a mortgage, the process can flow a lot smoother if you organize all of the paperwork and financial documents that are typically required by lenders on the loan application.
They may include:
- Pay stubs for the past 30 days
- W-2’s for all jobs that go back two years
- A signed purchase agreement with the home’s seller
- Tax returns dating back two years
- Bank statements for the past 60 days
- If you are self-employed, 1099 forms
- Homeowners insurance proof
- Documented sources of income such as stock earnings and dividends
- Pension statements
- Proof of any bonus income
- If applicable, disability or Social Security income award letters
- Securities documents like life insurance policies, bonds, and stocks
Some lender might require written verification of your position and salary, printed on the company letterhead of your employer. The might send a form for verifying employment to the human resource department of your employer to complete.
Get Preapproved For Your Mortgage
Before shopping for a house, it is wise to find out the amount you potentially will qualify to borrow. This means you don’t have to waste your time looking at houses that are outside of your price range. When you have a mortgage pre-approval, that means that the lender has examined your current finances, income stability, and credit history, and is prepared tentatively to provide you with a loan on a house.
You will need to provide the following in order to obtain a pre-approval from your lender:
- Your social security number and identification.
- All of the banks on your bank statements from the two most recent months.
- Employment verification, which consists of either W-2’s for two years (or if you are self-employed tax returns) or a month’s worth of pay stubs.
- Your credit report will also be pulled by the lender.
Usually, a mortgage pre-approval is good for a maximum of 90 days. Once that time has passed, a creditor will normally want to review your fiance again to see if there have been any changes.
You don’t need to worry about having several inquiries on your credit report if you obtain pre-approval from several different lenders. All of them will count as just one hard inquiry when they are done within a short period of time (typically 15 to 45 days).
Purchasing a house is a major financial commitment and culminates a lifelong dream for many people. Texas Mortgage Pros can assist you with comparing mortgage offers and products. It might be a long road to homeownership, but it doesn’t need to be a rocky one. If you arm yourself with the necessary information ahead of time about various loan programs that are available and what the minimum requirements are for each of them, and the financial documents that you will need to have, then you will have taken the important first steps towards smoother mortgage processing.
The Texas Mortgage Pros
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