Agricultural Subsidy

Agricultural subsidies, sometimes known as farm subsidies, are payments and various forms of assistance provided by the federal government of the United States to certain farmers and agribusinesses. Let’s see what agricultural subsidy is all about, its pros and cons, and a lot more.


What Is an Agricultural Subsidy?

In the United States, farm subsidies, sometimes called agricultural subsidies, consist of payments and other forms of assistance provided by the federal government to farmers and agribusinesses. Subventions are seen as beneficial to the US economy by some, while corporate welfare is seen by others.

Subsidies to farms do not help all farms equally. Corn, soybean, and wheat producers receive more than 70% of farm subsidies, according to the Cato Institute. These are usually the biggest farms as well.

How does an Agricultural Subsidy Work?

Farm subsidies are financial incentives provided by the government to the agriculture business in order to help farmers mitigate the risk of adverse weather, commodity brokers, and demand disruptions. However, they have grown to be extremely sophisticated. As a result, farm subsidies are primarily available to large producers.

Government subsidies are available only for five of the crops grown by farmers. Corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, and rice are the crops in question.

Iowa, Texas, Illinois, Nebraska, and Minnesota are the five states that received the greatest agriculture subsidies between 1995 and 2020. Between 1995 and 2020, these states received 38.2 percent of the total of 240.5 billion dollars. The top 10% of commodity payment receivers received 78 percent of all commodity payments during this time period. 2

Peanuts, sorghum, and mohair all receive lower subsidies. Crop insurance and disaster aid are the only options for meat, fruit, and vegetable producers.

What are the key factors for an Agricultural Subsidy?

Subsidies come in a variety of shapes and sizes, depending on the country and the commodity. The types of USDA agricultural subsidies are:

  • Payments to farmers and landowners on a direct basis;
  • Government purchases and storage have been given price breaks;
  • Minimum pricing rules based on geography, end-use, or some other attribute;
  • Subsidies for crop insurance, disaster response, lending, marketing, and irrigation water, among
  • Subsidies for exports; and
  • Quotas, tariffs, and restrictions are all examples of import obstacles. 

Price subsidies or other programs are sometimes accompanied by supply control programs such as land-idling requirements, output quotas, or similar schemes. Agricultural research and development, promotion, and some agricultural and rural infrastructure are also supported by the governments of most wealthy countries.

Pros and Cons of an Agricultural Subsidy


  • Subsidies safeguard the country’s food supply.
  • The weather, pathogens, and illnesses can all affect farms.
  • Farmers benefit from subsidies by weathering fluctuations in commodity prices.
  • The farming industry relies on loans, which makes it somewhat risky.


  • Farms in the United States are located in one of the world’s most suitable places.
  • They have all of the technological advantages of a modern company.
  • 78 percent of the subsidies went to the top ten percent of farms.
  • Farm subsidies stymie international trade deals.

How is Agricultural Subsidy related to USDA Loan?

Farmers, ranchers, and agricultural partners in the United States have access to Farm Service Agency (FSA) programs through the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). If all the requirements are met they can be eligible for a Texas USDA loan once they have been through the approval process.

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